Meadow voles are the most common vole species in the United States. The field vole is a small rodent with greyish-brown fur. Meadow Voles range through the northern third or so of the US and up through Canada. Voles are commonly mistaken for moles, as they both primarily damage lawns, and have similar sounding names. meadow vole. The woodland vole (Microtus pinetorum) of the eastern United States is one of the smallest, weighing less than 35 ... (6 to 8 inches) in length, including the short tail (3 to 6 cm [1 to 2.4 inches]). The woodland vole has a head and body length ranging between 3.25–4.75 in (83–121 mm) with a 0.5–1.5 in (13–38 mm) short tail. Number of pups born in captivity ranged from one to six (Schadler and Butterstein 1979). Such travel lanes, about 11⁄2 inches wide, are reliable indicators of meadow vole activity. ( Meadow voles are commonly referred to as “field mice,” which tends to add to the confusion regarding these two groups of mammals!) They scavenge for food, like gasses, seeds, fallen fruit, tree bark, and roots, throughout the day and night and are attracted to residential properties with gardens. The prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster) and woodland vole (M. pinetorum) are found statewide. A study on Woodland Voles conducted in New York state reported that calculated mean home range values are 41.7 and 44.7 m2 for females and males respectively (Fitzgerald and Madison 1983). Add to that the fact that voles’ gestation period is 16 – 24 days, depending on the vole’s exact sub-species and external circumstances, and a female vole can have her first litter as early as the end of her first month of life. The easiest way to tell them apart is to look at the tail. In some vole species such as the prairie vole or the woodland vole, monogamous behavior has been observed. Woodland vole litter size is smaller than that of other voles, and averages two to three pups (Paul 1966, Hamilton 1938). The reproduction cycle of voles is so fast it sounds unbelievable. The dorsal region varies from light to dark brown in color. Woodland voles breed all year long and have short gestation periods. In other species, however, such as the meadow vole which much more often bothers homeowners and farmers, the males are promiscuous and leave the female’s side to go mate again as quickly as possible. What Does Vole Damage Look Like? The meadow vole (M. pennsylvanicus) is found only in our northern counties. Bank voles, like all voles, have a blunt snout compared with the more pointed snout of mice. They weigh between 14 and 37 g. There is almost no sexual dimorphism within the species. Average densities in forested habitat are 15-25 voles per ha (6-10 per acre) and are relatively stable compared to the meadow vole. Tunneling; Voles are small rodents known for their mouse-like appearance and their tendency to tunnel through meadows, fields, and lawns. Woodland voles do not use surface runways, but rather build extensive systems of underground tunnels. While voles may sometimes use tunnels that were dug by moles, the tunnels that voles actually dig … A field vole’s tail is proportionally shorter (around a third of its head and body length), while a bank vole… Woodland voles have a combined head and body length between 83 and 120 mm; the tail ranges from 15 to 40 mm in length. This makes such vole species even faster to reproduce and … Woodland Voles tend to be more reddish brown than Meadow Voles. Credit: Anne Marie Kalus / WTML. Woodland voles in orchards may exist at higher densities, in one instance estimated at 625 individuals per ha (250 per acre). A female vole will reach sexual maturity in around thirteen days – that’s less than two weeks. As they build the tunnels, they push out dirt,producing small, conical piles of soil on the ground surface.These small, conical piles of soil are an indicator of woodland vole activity. It is also known as the pine vole. Woodland voles are burrowing animals that push up mounds of earth at the entrances to their underground tunnels. The ventral surface is whitish or silvery. Woodland Vole tails are shorter at 1/2 to 1 inch long, and these voles weigh 1/2 to 1 1/2 oz. A typical vole litter has 5 to 8 baby voles in it but it could have … close. Woodland vole litter size is smaller than that of other voles, and averages two to three pups (Paul 1966, Hamilton 1938). Meadow voles, on the other hand, have a polygynous mating system, wherein males mate with many females, and males display very little, if any, parental care and they rarely protect their mates. Number of pups born in captivity ranged from one to six (Schadler and Butterstein 1979). There are five species of mice in New England (white-footed, deer, house, meadow jumping and woodland jumping), and four species of voles (meadow, southern red-backed, rock and woodland). Meadow voles have dense soft fur that is typically chestnut-brown above and gray or grayish buff on the underparts, with some individuals being much darker. Woodland Voles range through the eastern section of the US except for Florida and Maine. Stout but speedy, the bank vole skitters around woodland and dense vegetation looking for blackberries, nuts and small insects. Females have only four mammae, compared to six in meadow voles, and young attach firmly to their mothers after birth (Hamilton 1938). The prairie vole’s tail is slightly less than twice the length of the hind foot. Not to be confused with: the bank vole, which is very similar. The meadow vole is most often found in extensive grassy or weedy areas such as old fields and moist hillsides with heavy ground cover. However, stream and pond banks, orchards, pastures, hay fields, and fence rows also provide suitable habitat for meadow and woodland voles. The woodland vole (Microtus pinetorum) is a small vole found in eastern North America. Characteristics. The woodland vole’s tail is nearly the same length as the hind foot. Woodland Vole home range size and dispersal distances are thought to be small in comparison to other species of voles. They breed rapidly and experience population booms every few years, which leads population densities to measure in the hundreds of voles per single acre of land. It uses its large ears to listen out for its many predators, such as the fox and kestrel.