Many agreed that Socrates educated the two men but the real argument was whether or not Socrates’ education contributed to Alcibiades and Critias’ treachery. Special offer for LiteratureEssaySamples.com readers. Personal 15% discount on your first order. By highlighting legal justice and bounding of the execution, the authors offered a new angle of view of the event. He even told everyone that he was superior to the politicians(14). The jury apparently did not accept this testimony. This website uses cookies to provide you with the best browsing experience. In his dispelling of the myth, Waterfield (2009) stressed on dramatic events in the ancient Greek history preceding the charges, trial, and execution of Socrates. This debate exhibits the importance of Socrates’ corruption of the youth as a central premise of why the Athenians executed Socrates. Why Socrates died: Dispelling the myths. But this questioning of authority was why Socrates was thought a corrupting influence. Life in the face of death: The resurrection message of the New Testament. Longenecker, R. N. (1998). De Agostini / Biblioteca Ambrosiana / Getty Images. Being viewed as a Sophist, he was feared by the city because of the controversial teachings he and other Sophists presented to the youth. Socrates himself stated: “Something good, men of Athens, if I am truly to be sentenced according to what I deserve”, “If I must suggest a penalty according to what I deserve, I recommend this: to be fed in the Prytaneum” (referring to an elite place to eat only reserved for nobility)(14). Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. Many agreed that Socrates educated the two men but the real argument was whether or not Socrates’ education contributed to Alcibiades and Critias’ treachery. Why did the Athenians convict and execute Socrates. Soon in a while, the plague epidemic killed around 25% of the population followed by two coups against the political elites. 3. There are many reasons cited for the trial and execution of Socrates, but in the end, it came down to three main reasons. He had the chance to escape, but refused to do so. Socrates is a revered figure and an intellectual hero to many to this day. Socrates trial and execution was completely justified, says new study. CHR.) Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. Get your personal promo code to your e-mail! The charges against Socrates, namely impiety, corruption of the youth, and appeal to new values and gods, which led to a death penalty, had been long criticized in the historical literature. In the story, it shows that Athens (or the others) was stubborn and not open to new ideas or views. This debate exhibits the importance of Socrates’ corruption of the youth as a central premise of why the Athenians executed Socrates. 2. Cartledge claimed that open criticism of the legitimate and authoritative deity by Socrates was a vivid manifestation of impiety and disrespect for the ruling authorities (Johnson, 2009). Socrates was accused of "refusing to recognize the gods recognized by the state" and of "corrupting the youth." 4. Plato lived in Athens from 429 … Despite different perspectives on reasons of Socrates’s death, both authors produced a valuable insight into the historic event substantiating the position and decision of Athens. Despite his noble intentions, Socrates might have rubbed off some members of the nobility on the wrong side, thus eventually leading to his execution. In Socrates’ case, the situation is no different. In reality, based on the laws of the time, Socrates was guilty of some serious crimes, based on the Athenian law code of the time. Specifically, the fourth century BC Athens were accused of breaching the proclaimed freedom of speech and sending a person to death to simply get rid of him (Waterfield, 2009). On the charge of impiety, Socrates could assemble a better defense. A famous painting named “The Death of Socrates” has been widely known for the longest. After doing so, he proved the Oracle correct, confirming to himself and to others that he was the wisest. Hence, the death of Socrates produced a positive impact on the ancient philosophy’s establishment and development. Being a mentor to the leaders of The Thirty Tyrants, Alcibiades and Critias, Socrates convinced the Athenians that he was associated with their poor behavior. Johnson, S. (2009, June 8). The Telegraph. 5. Contact our customer support team if You have any further questions. In 399 B.C.E., a tragedy befell the ancient world: the great philosopher Socrates was executed and convicted. The death of Socrates and the life of philosophy: An interpretation of Plato’s Phaedo. These two powerful men that Socrates taught, became the leaders of The Thirty Tyrants, the most violent and murderous group of Athens and in the end, ended democracy in Athens(9). (1995). Contrary to this submitted reason for why Socrates was convicted and executed, Plato thought that Socrates was extremely wise and that questioning authority and learning new views benefited society. 3 [1] Een Hopliet [2] Een phalanx 4 Korinthe 5 Tempel […], This study explores various aspects of democracy and compulsory voting in the present political scenario with particular focus on the USA. He was a corrupter of youth, he was teaching them values and beliefs that were contr… Socrates, an unconventional thinker who questioned the legitimacy and authority of many of the accepted gods, fitted that bill. Socrates was not executed immediately after his trial. Firstly he looked down upon the democracy for few. Socrates trial and execution was completely justified, says new study . Albany, NY: SUNY Press. Political theory is […], During his trial, Socrates said that he would rather not live than be denied the right and the freedom to live a virtuous life. Stories of that time underlined the flow of Plato and his followers from Athens shortly after the death of Socrates (Ahrensdorf, 1995). The argument has its truth and worth consideration for a boost the death of Socrates gave to the development of philosophy. In addition, Socrates constantly questioned those who seemed wiser than him(14). The first reason is that Socrates looked down upon the kind of temporal democracy. As I established above, the greater weight of the evidence from the documents show that Socrates was convicted and executed for his arrogant behavior (9), for corrupting the youth of the city with his teachings of new ideas and attempts to implement those new ideas in Athens (6), and relatedly, his involvement in The Thirty Tyrants (2). Until recently, the common perception of the past event had exhibited empathy to Socrates and charges of the then Athens in the persecution and hostility against philosophers of that time (Ahrensdorf, 1995). In real life, Socrates was the man who went out of the cave to open a new world and when we came back to Athens to show his new ideas of believing the gods instead of government, he was shamed for his non-conforming beliefs and not believing in politicians and government(5). Contrary to this belief, during his trial, Socrates said to not be apart of the Sophists and gave proof of his efforts to promote virtue and glorify the behavior from Athenians. In his Apology, Plato analyzed the trial and execution of Socrates and concluded that the soul is immortal and goes safe and indestructible after the death strikes a person. Who is the I trying to create a life full of genuinity and fulfillment? However, a person who does not believe in himself or herself, is doomed and needs to keep his or her honor, or is being forced, […], At the largest art museum in the United States, the Metropolitan Museum also known as the Met located on the Upper East Side of Manhattan, lies one out 2,500 known […], Throughout history there have been people who questioned the world’s functioning and the society that lives within that world to try and figure out a theory that can answer those […], In 399 B.C.E., a tragedy befell the ancient world: the great philosopher Socrates was executed and convicted. I don't remember the exact amount of time, but I think it was a couple of weeks. Therefore, it is clear that to […], One of the biggest questions we ask ourselves on a daily, is who am I? Socrates’ Apology, as recorded by Plato, suggested that Socrates was a headstrong, stubborn and pompous man(14). 1. However, by understanding Socrates intentions, it is clear that he was in fact innocent of the above charges, and was wrongly accused and executed.Socrates was executed after a trial in which he was accused of corrupting the youths of Athens, and committing acts of impiety.