Its song is a flute-like phrase introduced by 2-4 lower notes "bupbupbup" (an oboe?). During long singing bouts they may change pitch after many repetitions (here are two songs by one bird). (Lost Maples State Park, Texas.) (Nome, Alaska) The rapid sputter call is given by alarmed birds. But as soon as you got outside again it would start up again. (Denali Highway, Alaska) Habitat: Breeds in stunted trees and shrubby vegetation near or above treelike. The long call is usually made by flying birds; in this instance a curlew made 15 long calls as it glided low over the ground on set wings, then it stopped calling while it flapped its wings, and then began again to glide and make long calls just before landing and giving the trilled call (Baird's Sparrow, Western Meadowlark, Sprague's Pipit & crickets in background). Well developed chicks make a sharp "weew" and begging calls while in the nest cavity. Songs and calls of related birds (Icteridae). Habitat: Open areas with bushes and trees, weedy fields, suburbs, feeders in winter. See Parula, Northern. The birds sing from exposed perches, and unmated males may sing at night. Both of these groups moved quickly by us. It's always best to try to see who is doing the singing! Also fields, especially wet fields or near water. These birds were singing from perches within low trees; others sang from within bushes. Songs and calls of related birds (Parulidae). (Five songs of three males, Albany County, NY) Habitat: Deciduous or mixed woodlands with good understory. Male's song is a rapid series of sharp chi chi chi notes varying at the end. (Two songs of one bird singing from an exposed perch; interval between songs was 16 - 48 sec. Bell's Vireo also sings a longer rambling song comprising a series of mostly squeaky notes and sometimes including parts of a primary song. is a major part of the spring and summer soundscape in eastern deciduous forests. The male usually sings it from a low perch or while foraging. They look and sound like it takes real effort to squeeze out the trill. (Albany County, New York.) Songs and calls of related birds (Parulidae). Habitat: Breeds in mature mixed or coniferous woods. The flight call can be heard year around, but as the breeding season approaches the male begins to make his spectacular, bounding flight display in which the normal undulations are greatly exaggerated. (Albany and Rensselaer Counties, New York.) In this eastern Marsh Wren song played at normal and slow speed, the buzz is broadband and the trill is tonal. Often faint, the wagtail's contact-alarm calls are made in several contexts and are probably the most frequently heard calls this species makes. Calls of related birds (Accipitridae). Each male has 9 to 22 songs in his repertoire, and he generally sings one song repeatedly before switching to another. The short song is used in various situations, including alerting a mate to predators approaching chicks or a nest. The song is used by males to establish a breeding territory in the spring and by males and females to establish a feeding territory in the fall. Songs and calls of related birds (Fringillidae). Females sing during the breeding season, but their songs are nothing like the male song. Song is a simple trill with an accelerating rhythmic pattern that has been likened to the sound of a bouncing ball. Habitat: Deciduous woods. The Willet is named from its distinctive, ringing call, p'dl will willet, which it makes almost exclusively during the breeding season. By understanding and recognizing bird sounds rather than relying on visual identification only, you can have a much richer and more enjoyable birding experience, and will be able to identify birds when you can't always see them well. Males and females chatter during aggressive encounters or when danger threatens. (Saratoga County, New York.) After the breeding season the birds form flocks, roost together and call noisily around midday and as evening approaches. . Usually sings from high in the trees. (Antelope Island State Park, Utah) Habitat: Breeds mainly in sagebrush steppe. (Washington County, New York.) Songs and calls of related birds (Tyrannidae). The male western meadowlark's melodious song has two parts; a whistled introduction followed by several gurgling notes. Birds call more loudly when circling an intruder, as in this recording. Bird song: acoustics and physiology. (Valley County, Montana. Songs and calls of related birds (Parulidae). (Madera Canyon, Arizona and Custer County, South Dakota). Finally, some birds can mimic the sounds of others. Songs and calls of related birds (Picidae). Song is a pleasing series of melodious warbles. Males do not defend territories, and the song may serve to attract females for copulation. (Calls by two males, Albany County; drum, Washington County, New York.) The oriole's song is a varied series of usually clear melodious whistles and is given by both males and females. The attributes shared by the sounds and songs included are displayed at the top of each page. Male's song is an easily recognized series of rising notes. Habitat: Thickets, dense shrubs often near water, shrubby fields. Habitat: A variety of tall grass habitats. Males sing one song type repeatedly before switching to another. It also sings when perched or on the ground often while doing the song spread display. Becoming tolerant of humans. In winter, found in forest edges, brush, thickets, and gardens; avoids deep woods. Last note usually ascending. Some screams seem to morph into wail calls. It is frequently called the ‘flight song‘ or the ‘nocturnal song‘, but neither of these names is accurately descriptive. Migrating birds often gather in trees and their combined voices are distinctively squeaky (Canada goose in background). It flew away and then returned a short time later to continue its repetitious singing. (Three songs by one bird, seets by a second bird, Albany County, New York.) The Willow and Alder Flycatchers were once considered one species and appear very similar. Songs and calls of related birds (Motacillidae). Breeds in coniferous or mixed forests. (Albany County, New York.) Kirtland's Warbler is an endangered species that breeds primarily in north-central Lower Michigan, but in recent years it has extended its range to locations in Wisconsin and Southern Ontario. When a female is nearby the male makes the song-bow display; he extends his neck and bobs his head and body each time he sings. This recording includes small variations of two song types sung alternately. Songs and calls of related birds (Turdidae). A common call is a mewing neeaa. Females also sing. working definitions of the terms commonly used in the guide. Winters also in salt marshes. (Rensselaer County, New York.) Males have two types of songs: short, so-called Males sing from the ground, hummocks, and other perches. Eventually they worked themselves into such a pitch of excitement that they flew. This chatter call was given during a male-female chase; I don't know which bird made it. Habitat: Found near edges or gaps in open deciduous forest or pine-oak woods. (48 sec; Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Least Flycatcher, Ovenbird and Scarlet Tanager in background).