(2:1-7) A decree is given throughout the Roman Empire by Caesar Augustus that everyone within the empire was to registered. Angelic messages were statements of mystery. So much for the “Pax Romana”, the peace imposed on subject nations by the brutally efficient militarist regime of Rome! 1909-1922. chap. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Luke 2:21. ἐπλήσθησαν, as in Luke 1:57, Luke 2:6, and again in Luke 2:22; in the first two places the reference is to the course of nature, in the second two to the course prescribed by the law.— τοῦ περιτεμεῖν, the genitive not so much of purpose (Meyer, J. Weiss), but of more exact definition (Schanz; vide Burton, M. and T., § 400, on the use of τοῦ with infinitive to limit nouns).— καὶ ἐκλήθη: the καὶ may be taken as “also” = He was circumcised (understood), and at the same time His name was called Jesus, or as introducing the apodosis: and = then (so Godet and Hahn). The peace he brings will come not from military might, but from justice and mercy. Observe the brief notice of Christ’s circumcision compared with the fuller and more elaborate account of John’s. Mary and Joseph were but poor strangers, in a city far from their own home. Called Jesus - See the notes at Matthew 1:21. Palmer:—The name of Jesus in the mouth of His believing people who are in the world: 1. if a woman had conceived seed, and borne a man child, in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin should be circumcised. ), The Lectionary Commentary: Theological Exegesis for Sunday’s Texts: The Third Readings: The Gospels (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2001), Nickle, Keith F., Preaching the Gospel of Luke (Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2000), Nolland, John, Word Biblical Commentary: Luke 1—9:20, Vol. The Birth of Jesus. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. S.]. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. But the King of the Jews could not, and would not, omit the token that He belonged, according to the flesh, to that elect people; and when the Son of God appeared in the likeness of sinful flesh, He chose also to receive the emblem of purification from sin, that He might be in all things like unto His brethren, sin only excepted. The Hebrew form is "Joshua"—"Jehovah's Salvation.". See Leviticus 12:3. name. Why not her? Simpler folk find it easier to obey—are used to obeying orders—don’t feel such a need to be in control—don’t have a public image to protect. We read of four under the Old Testament, to whom God gave names before they were born; Isaac, Genesis 17:19, Josiah, 1 Kings 13:2, Ishmael, Genesis 16:11, Cyrus, Isaiah 44:28; and in the New Testament to John the Baptist, and to Jesus Christ. ἐκλήθη, that they should circumcise: He was called) The circumcision is not recorded in so direct terms as the naming of Him, inasmuch as the latter was divinely ordered by express command.—[ ὑπὸ τοῦ ἀγγέλου, by the angel) ch. It was considered so important that it could even be carried out on the Sabbath day. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/luke-2.html. Jesus was here named with the name given by the angel before He was born, indicating His separation to God from before His birth. Surely! Among Greeks and Romans also the genethlia and nominalia were on the eighth or ninth day. "Commentary on Luke 2:21". "Commentary on Luke 2:21". a. “his name was called Jesus” (v. 21b). But Mary treasured up all these things and pondered them in her heart. “All who heard it wondered at the things which were spoken to them by the shepherds” (v. 18). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/luke-2.html. Luke 1:26; Luke 1:31.—V. Centuries earlier, Samuel had journeyed to Bethlehem and anointed the shepherd boy David to be king of Israel, even while Saul remained in power. His reception of this rite is an incident in the history of the self-humiliation of Him who, being originally in the form (μορφή) of God, took upon Him the form of a servant. Caesar Augustus — whose name means revered or exalted one — ended a long period of war in the Roman Empire and was hailed as a prince of peace, the savior of the world. ), which the WEB has updated. . On the eighth day after His birth Jesus was circumcised, a ritual which had to be undergone by all Jews who did not wish to be cut off from Israel. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/luke-2.html. The news of Jesus’ birth is for all the people — not just the powerful and elite, but all the people, especially the lowly and outcast. Meanwhile Mary’s child will “reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end” (1:33). Lest we become smug, we are reminded that our personal empires too will pass away — all the things we hold onto so tightly, all the ways in which we seek power over others, all our relentless planning and maneuvering that never brings true peace or security. Luke was not interested in historical detail at this stage. His birth would be news of great joy for the whole people. This ordinance was, in his case, a pledge of his future perfect obedience to the whole law, in the midst of sufferings and temptations, even unto death for us. In this verse, we see two examples of how Mary and Joseph obeyed God’s Word. EXEGESIS: LUKE 2:1-20. Jesus made under the law, that He might redeem us from the law.—Jesus both humbled and exalted, on the eighth day.—The circumcision of the flesh, and the circumcision of the heart, Romans 2:28-29.—Circumcision and baptism.—The first fruits of the blood of Christ, a sacrifice of obedience.—The name Jesus Isaiah, 1. a name given by God; 2. a name whereby we must be saved; 3. the only name under heaven given for this purpose.—The solemn manner in which circumcision was instituted ( Genesis 17. Luke apparently believed it important to emphasise the Jewishness of Jesus: he was circumcised. It was the occasion of a revolt in Galilee, which was brutally crushed by the Roman governor. Note the parallels between the stories of Jesus and John the Baptist: “(Elizabeth) brought forth a son” (1:57). Mary and Joseph are faithful Jews, so they bring Jesus for circumcision on the eighth day in accordance with the law. They would know questions to ask and problems to consider. The shepherds go to Bethlehem to find this baby, and become the first to share the good news of the Savior’s birth. This naming was an act of obedience and of faith on the part of both Mary and Joseph (comp. It shows a deep insight into the nature and reality of His incarnation, that the mother of our Lord never thinks of withdrawing either Him or herself from the duties of the eighth or of the fortieth day. "Commentary on Luke 2:21". chap. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. God tapped her for a special mission, and she embarked on it willingly. The shepherds obey the angel’s command with haste. Note the parallels between the stories of Jesus and John the Baptist: Proud member If God has chosen her to be the mother of the Lord, why a feeding trough? Not an easy life! He who was ἐκ γυναικὸς γενόμενος, came also at the appointed time ὑπὸ νόμον by circumcision. And of course, peace achieved by coercion and oppression is no true peace at all. 21When eight days were fulfilled for the circumcision of the child, his name was called Jesus, which was given by the angel before he was conceived in the womb. In St. Paul’s words, “made of a woman, made under the law” (Galatians 4:4), we may, perhaps, see a reference to a narrative with which his friendship with St. Luke must almost of necessity have made him familiar. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. They were also considered thieves because they grazed their flocks on other people’s property. .—Hence the Feast of the Circumcision in the Church Calendar comes on January 1st, and so, not without design, perhaps, came to coincide with the beginning of the civil year. The angel had given the name. And it came to pass in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered. 3 Everyone went to be registered, each to their own town. Galatians 1:15.— ἐν τῇ κοιλίᾳ, in the womb) viz. The Jews observe (u) that "six persons were called by their names before they were born: and these are Isaac, Ishmael, Moses, Solomon, Josiah, and the King Messiah: the latter they prove from Psalm 72:17 which they render, "before the sun his name was Yinnon", or the son: that is, the Son of God. New mothers treasure nearly everything about their babies, so it is only natural that Mary treasures the amazing story that the shepherds tell her and that she should ponder these things in her heart. The Eighth Day; or, Submission to the Law. יְהוֹשׁוּעַ, or contracted, יֵשׁוּעַ,—Jehovah auxilium. By his circumcision also we were to be circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh, Colossians 2:11.