The Emberizidae family is made up of the New World sparrows, longspurs, and some of the buntings. The female builds the nest, which is an open cup made of grass, sticks, pine needles, rootlets, and bark strips and is lined with fine grass, feathers, and hair. They have a short bill and fairly long legs. Both the tail and the legs are long. Adults have brownish upperparts with gray on the crown and nape, a cream-coloured breast with dark streaks and a white throat and belly; they have an orange face with grey cheeks and a short pointed tail. Thus the northernmost form, P. r. acuminata , is smaller than the nominate Costa Rican subspecies P. r. ruficauda, which has duller, browner upperparts, and paler, whiter underparts. Most have a yellow stripe above and in front of the eye. Birds show a small yellow streak just above the eye. The stripe-headed sparrow (Peucaea ruficauda) is an American sparrow which breeds from Pacific coastal south-western Mexico, including the transverse ranges, Cordillera Neovolcanica to Pacific coastal northern Costa Rica. The crown is rufous, and the face and supercilium are gray with a brown or rufous streak extending from each eye and a thick black malar streak. I wondered that at first but thought her beak was also lighter in colour all over than usual. Young birds are streaked overall until August, when they take on a juvenile plumage similar to the adult; they have brown and tan head stripes rather than black and white, which they keep until the spring. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. The Tanager Finch has a black head with white superciliums and white median crown stripe. Large sparrow with white stripes on head. The breeding Harris's Sparrow has brown back with black steaking; 2 pale white wing-bars; white underparts with some black on upper breast; brown-and-black head, face, throat; pink bill. It has a clear, gray breast and belly, long tail, and wings distinctly marked with two white wing-bars. During migration, the gambelii is one of the most abundant birds to be found in eastern Washington. Fox Sparrows are amongst the largest sparrows, heavily spotted and streaked underneath. The Pectoral Sparrow has green upperparts; black bill, face; white supercilium. Lincoln's Sparrow Lincoln's Sparrow has a thin gray crown stripe; thinly streaked light brown breast; white belly; brown eye-line, eye-ring,  Some have a dark breast spot. White-crowned Sparrows are generally found in flocks of their own and other species outside the breeding season. Many of these birds are small, brown, and streaked, and stay close to cover, making identification challenging. The beak is orange-yellow to reddish-brown depending on the subspecies. Birds that breed east of Hudson Bay and in the Rockies tend to have pink bills with black lores that merge with the black head stripes. It is an abundant migrant throughout Washington, and many of the birds that breed in northwest Canada and Alaska winter in eastern Washington. During the breeding season, arthropods make up a larger proportion of the diet. The Chestnut-capped Brush-Finch has olive upperparts; chestnut crown, nape; black mask, head sides, breast-band (may be lacking); white throat; white spots in center and each side of forehead; gray flanks; white center-breast, belly. The Oaxaca Sparrow is endemic to the Mexican state of Oaxaca, where it lives in dry forests and thornscrub. Sage Sparrow has broad white throat; Five-striped Sparrow has little or no white on throat. However, female house sparrows have lighter bills that are a smudgy gray-black on the upper mandible and paler yellow below. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay. The throat is white and the underside is gray. I'll try and get better pictures. The Clay-colored Sparrow has light brown upperparts with dark streaks on back; dark brown crown with light median stripe; white supercilium; light brown cheek patch; white throat; clay-colored underparts, notched tail. The White-throated Sparrow has brown upperparts; rufous wings with 2 white wing-bars; gray underparts; white throat; yellow lores; dark eyes; gray bill. The White-crowned Sparrow is a distinctive bird with bold black and white stripes on its head. The Sao Francisco Sparrow has black head with white supercilium and narrow white median crown stripe; white underparts with narrow black half-collar; yellow bill. Z. l. oriantha uses sub-alpine and alpine meadows. _________________________________________________________________________, "Each kindness shown to birds or men is sure to flutter back again". The wings are strikingly rusty. This common bird is found in lowlands up to 1,800 m (5,900 ft) in altitude in the north of its range, and 800 m (2,600 ft) in Costa Rica. 0; 2 Feb 2019 12:22 PM; Hi Vintner welcome to the community. There is a large variaton in the subspecies. Its habitat is brushy savannah, scrubby second growth and woodland edges, but it avoids the forest interior. Lark Sparrow is distinctive. It is constructed less than 1.2 m (3.9 ft) above the ground in an isolated spiny scrub. Oscines are capable of more complex song, and are considered the true songbirds. Clutches are small, generally three to five eggs. The Stripe-headed Sparrow has pale brown upperparts streaked with black on back; rufous shoulders; buffy-brown rump, tail; gray nape; black head; white median crown stripe, supercilium; white throat, breast; rufous flanks, belly. Z. l. pugetensis is a common breeding bird throughout the western Washington lowlands. It is uncommon and local east of the Cascades, where it has begun to expand its range into Yakima and Kittitas Counties and to Ellensburg, up the Columbia River. The White-crowned Sparrow is a distinctive bird with bold black and white stripes on its head. Most emberizids are seedeaters and have short, thick bills adapted for this diet, although they all eat insects and other arthropods at times, and feed them to their young. The Waxwings are coming,the Waxwings are coming. The Common Chlorospingus has olive upperparts; brown head; white spot behind eye; light throat; yellow underparts becoming white on belly. The whole group helps in feeding the chicks, and roost together in a tight group at night. I wonder if it is something stuck to her head, I don't think it looks like a feather abnormality … The male's song, given from an open perch, consists of dry thin notes, but shows geographical variation. The nape is narrowly grey and the rest of the upperparts are pale brown, streaked with black on the back, but unstreaked and more buff on the rump and tail. The Bachman's Sparrow has brown upperparts; gray crown; black streaking on nape, back, primaries; gray face; rufous-brown eye-stripe; buff breast; white belly. They forage on the ground in open areas, with sheltered thickets nearby for cover. The bold white throat contrasts with the bird’s gray breast, but the stripes on the head can be either white or buff. Their territories are usually small, and they will breed in small patches of habitat in the middle of a city. Find out more about the partnership, © The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) is a registered charity: England and Wales no. I've not seen one like this before. The Rufous-collared Sparrow has black-streaked buff-brown upperparts; rufous collar; gray head with broad black crown stripes on either side of median; black eye-line, moustachial line; white underparts; stubby gray bill. Image by: 1) Marcel Holyoak - Arizona 2) Dominic Sherony - Mexico 3) Don_Faulkner - Arizona Genus Arremon Some of these species are termed sparrows and some are termed brush-finches. The nest, built by the female, is a deep cup of plant material lined with fine grass or horsehair. It has a clear, gray breast and belly, long tail, and wings distinctly marked with two white wing-bars. Z. l. pugetensis is common all over western Washington in the right habitat, including high-mountain clear-cuts, city parks, and suburban lawns. Nonbreeding has brownish cap; dusky supercilium; dark eye-line. The White-crowned Sparrow has brown-streaked upperparts; brown wings; black and white streaks on head; gray face, underparts; pink or yellow bill. Z. l. pugetensis occurs in shrubby habitats in cities, recent clear-cuts, wetlands, and alpine parkland. The shoulders are rufous and the wing feathers have buff edging.