Step 2: Learn about the VOLE CONTROL Bait Station System, Step 3: Locate voles with the Apple Sign Test, Above ground foraging Prairie Vole populations can be controlled with the, Pictures from - National Museum of Natural History ©2004 Smithsonian Institution, Look for signs of stress in your ornamental plantings. Its total length is 5 to 7 inches (nose to tip of tail) and has an average weight of just under 2 ounces. After a gestation period of 21 days, one to seven (usually three or four) hairless young are born with both eyes and ears closed. The small burrow entrance holes lead to underground runways and nesting areas. Sexes are alike. Rabbits also chew on young trees, but their gnawing begins several inches above the soil line. It spends considerable time in well-defined runways which it makes and maintains in grass. Active runways are recognized by fresh grass clippings and fecal droppings. With their high reproductive potential, any remaining voles could re-populate an area quickly. The main runways are seldom exposed except where they cross large animal trails or sparse grass cover. Moult to subadult pelage begins after three weeks of age, followed by moult into a lighter, grayer adult pelage at about eight weeks. Physical characteristics: The Prairie voles fur is long and coarse with a mixture of grayish brown and black giving it a "peppery" appearance. When snow cover is present, voles are protected from predators and their activity can go undetected until it is too late. Description: The prairie vole is a medium-sized animal similar in appearance to a mouse. Females are capable of breeding 30 days after birth, and males at 35 days, when both are approximately two-thirds the adults size. Reproduction: They have the same partner to help raise and care for their young. It has a stocky and stubby body, short tail and legs, and its eyes and ears are small. Its total length is 5 to 7 inches (nose to tip of tail) and … When it is associated with the meadow vole it is generally in the drier habitats. Populations which are monogamous show relatively minor size differences between genders compared with those using polygamous systems. We blend cutting edge, high quality products to create the perfect brand for our customers. The young are born in a ball-shaped nest of dry grass that is usually underground or in a small depression on top of the ground. The pelage is generally grayish-brown with black and brownish-yellow tipped longer hairs, which gives them a grizzled appearance (Mumford and Whitaker 1982; Jones and Birney 1988; Stalling 1999), although several color variations have been found (Stalling 1990, 1999). They store food in underground chambers for later use during the winter. In winter they eat bark of woody plants. Prairie voles are highly social. The sides of the body are somewhat pal… Vole gnawing can be differentiated from the gnawing of other animals by the non-uniform gnaw marks. and has a total body length of 119-166 mm (4.7-6.5 in.) b. prairie vole populations vary dramatically in size from year to year c. the prairie vole subsists primarily on broad-leaved plants that are abundant only in spring. Prairie voles live in colonies and have been known to exhibit human-like social behavior in groups. With this potential for severe damage to your landscape and garden, a homeowner cannot afford to do nothing and assume a predator will control the problem. (Hazard 1982). They are weaned at 2-3 weeks, and are fully grown by two months. Throughout the year it is active mainly at night, but sometimes by day as well,. The underground nest (200 x 130 x 110 mm) made of grass stems and finer lining is placed 250 mm or more deep.