Voles prefer large communities. Florida has several different types of voles – the Florida Salt Marsh Vole, the Meadow Vole and the Pine Vole. Two species are responsible for the majority of damage. The meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus), sometimes called the field mouse or meadow mouse, is a North American vole found across Canada, Alaska and the northern United States. Meadow Vole This small creature, also known as the field mouse, measures 3-5 inches long with a 1-2 inch hairless tail. How to Get Rid of Raccoons Collectively they are called either meadow mice or voles. Meadow voles are the most common vole species in the United States. The California vole, M. californicus , is the most widespread vole in the state, found in the Owens and Central valleys and nearly the entire length of the coastal range. Voles eat grasses, roots, tubers and other plant material, as well as seeds, fruits, bark and underground fungi. The meadow vole, then, is a small but significant component of our Nature Trail ecosystem. If you are have voles in your garden, prepare yourself to find around 20-30 holes. Weighing less than 50 grams (1.8 ounces), this stout vole is 15 to 20 cm (5.9 to 7.9 inches) long, including its short tail (3 to 6 cm). Vole Pest Control. Meadow voles live above ground and pine voles live underground. The vegetation surrounding a vole runway will be clipped back and kept out of the way. The gestation period takes from 15 to 30 days. Meadow voles play an important role in the local ecosystem. Vole runways and tunnels are more prevalent and noticeable in the spring right after winter snow has melted. Its range extends farther south along the Atlantic coast. A burrow hole created by a vole will never be greater than three inches. Meadow vole, (Microtus pennsylvanicus), also called meadow mouse, one of the most common and prolific small mammals in North America. They spend most of their time in tunnel systems one to a few inches below the ground. Previously it was also found in Chihuahua, Mexico, but has not been recorded since 1998. Meadow voles can carry a variety of potentially serious human pathogens. Bait the traps with diced apples or peanut butter mixed with oatmeal. The best time to trap voles is in the fall. Due to digging, Meadow voles contribute to aeration of the soil. Place live traps directly in the vole runway; place mouse traps perpendicular to the runway with the trigger in the vole’s path. The most common North American voles, the Meadow voles inhabit a huge territory, stretching eastwards from central Alaska to the Atlantic coast and southwards to the Canadian border (Rocky Mountains), Georgia and even New Mexico. Meadow vole, (Microtus pennsylvanicus), one of the most common and prolific small mammals in North America. Meadow voles stay well hidden between and under thick clumps of grass in grasslands, open forests, orchards, prairies and the edge of forests. The dense, soft fur is chestnut-brown above and gray And finally, these voles are key prey species for a number of … A young vole reaches maturity in a month. One subspecies, the Florida salt marsh vole (M. p. dukecampbelli), is found in Florida, and is classified as endangered. Voles may be active both day and night. They breed rapidly and experience population booms every few years, which leads population densities to measure in the hundreds of voles per single acre of land. Although similar in appearance to a mouse, they are often seen during the day, have smaller tails, and longer noses than a mouse. Their holes and tunnels look like the moles’, but they are significantly smaller and not so deep. Toxoplasma gondii, Trypanosoma microti, rabies, Hantavirus, and Korean hemorrhagic fever are a few of the potential disease agents that have been detected in meadow vole individuals. Weighing less than 50 grams (1.8 ounces), this stout vole is 15 to 20 cm (5.9 to 7.9 inches) long, including its short tail (3 to 6 cm). The primary habitats of this species are meadows, lowland fields, grassy marshes and areas along rivers and lakes. Trapping: You can use either humane live traps or mouse traps to catch voles. The vole is sometimes known as the field mouse or meadow mouse. Fast growing rate. Feeding upon grass, they recycle the nutrients, found in the grass, through defecation. Voles are not dormant.