Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? A chemical compound refers to any substance made up of two or more elements that are chemically bonded together. This type of structure departs strongly from that expected for ionic bonding and shows the importance of covalence. In general, an organic compound is a type of compound that contains the carbon atom. Also, nearly all organic compounds contain carbon-hydrogen or C-H bonds. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/inorganic-compound, Chemistry LibreTexts - Names and Formulas of Inorganic Compounds. “Epidemic” vs. “Pandemic” vs. “Endemic”: What Do These Terms Mean? One of the ways to classify compounds is by identifying them as either organic or inorganic. In the absence of vitalism, the distinction between inorganic and organic chemistry is merely semantic. An inorganic compound is typically a chemical compound that lacks carbon–hydrogen bonds, that is, a compound that is not an organic compound. Generally, inorganic compounds are derived from geological systems, such as sediments and ores. The primary difference between organic vs. inorganic compounds is that organic compounds always contain carbon while most inorganic compounds do not contain carbon. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. pound. To cook in water, just below boiling temperature. In Wöhler’s era, there was widespread belief that organic compounds were characterized by a vital spirit. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Compare: organic compound. Moreover, inorganic compounds tend to be minerals or geologically-based compounds t… The crystal structure of the inorganic compound nickel arsenide. Why Are A, E, I, O, U, And Y Called “Vowels”? Some major textbooks on inorganic chemistry decline to define inorganic compounds: Holleman, A. F.; Wiberg, E. Dan Berger, Bluffton College, analysis of varying inappropriate definitions of the inorganic-organic distinction: Otherwise consistent linked material differing from current article in downplaying the carbon present vs carbon absent distinctive: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Inorganic_compound&oldid=988660410, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 November 2020, at 14:26. [1][2][3] The study of inorganic compounds is known as inorganic chemistry. Compounds of carbon are classified as organic when carbon is bound to hydrogen. Omissions? Friedrich Wöhler's conversion of ammonium cyanate into urea in 1828 is often cited as the starting point of modern organic chemistry. However, the distinction is not clearly defined and agreed upon, and authorities have differing views on the subject. An inorganic compoundcan be considered as a compound that does not contain a carbon-to-hydrogen bond, also called a C-H bond. ( in'ōr-gan'ik kom'pownd) A compound in which the atoms or radicals consist of elements other than carbon and are typically held together by electrostatic forces rather than by covalent bonds; often are capable of dissociation into ions in polar solvents (e.g., H 2O). What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? Corrections? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. An inorganic compound is any compound that lacks a carbon atom, for lack of a more in-depth definition. Simply put, an inorganic compound is the opposite of an organic compound. Inorganic compound definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. The Inorganic Crystal Structure Database (ICSD), in its definition of inorganic carbon compounds states that such compounds should contain either carbon-hydrogen (C-H) or carbon-carbon (C-C) bonds, but not both. Compounds can be divided into two categories, organic and inorganic. Which Came First: Turkey The Bird, Or Turkey The Nation? To cook in water that begins cold and then reaches a boil. We Asked, You Answered. Friedrich Wöhler's conversion of ammonium cyanate into urea in 1828 is often cited as the starting point of modern organic chemistry. Inorganic compounds comprise most of the Earth's crust, although the compositions of the deep mantle remain active areas of investigation.[4]. Black Friday Sale! Even if you can't be a professional chef, you can at least talk like one with this vocabulary quiz. A compound that does not contain hydrocarbon groups. Some simple compounds that contain carbon are often considered inorganic. Compounds of carbon are classified as organic when carbon is bound to hydrogen. Describe 2020 In Just One Word? There is also some direct nickel-nickel bonding that tends to draw the nickel atoms together. “Stuffing” vs. “Dressing”: Do You Know The Difference? In order to better understand how inorganic compounds are defined, it helps to know what makes other compounds organic in the first place. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Inorganic compound, any substance in which two or more chemical elements (usually other than carbon) are combined, nearly always in definite proportions. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Carbon compounds such as carbides (e.g., silicon carbide [SiC2]), some carbonates (e.g., calcium carbonate [CaCO3]), some cyanides (e.g., sodium cyanide [NaCN]), graphite, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide are classified as inorganic. Note that containing carbon is not sufficient for a compound to be considered organic. Those compounds with a carbon atom are called organic compounds, due to their root base in an atom that is vital for life. [5][6][7] In Wöhler’s era, there was widespread belief that organic compounds were characterized by a vital spirit. Elements that are held together by a chemical bond form a compound. Inorganic compounds are compounds which do not contain carbon and are not derived from living matter. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. An element, in turn, refers to that comprised of only one type of atom. Look it up now! While the last three often appear in chemical forms that are quite harmless, it is the soluble salts of the substances that are poisons.…, Smectite, vermiculite, and other expansible clay minerals can accommodate relatively large, inorganic cations between the layers. They include substances made from single elements, salts, metals, and any other compound that do not contain carbon bonded to hydrogen. In the absence of vitalism, the distinction between inorganic and organic chemistry is merely semantic. Hydroxy polymers…. See chemical compound: Inorganic compounds. Because of this multivalency, the interlayer space is only partially occupied by such inorganic cations that are distributed in the space like islands. You may have read the word "simmer" in a recipe or two, but what does it really mean? Inorganic compound, any substance in which two or more chemical elements (usually other than carbon) are combined, nearly always in definite proportions.