and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Those organisms are: • Mycobacterium leprae and Treponema pallidum: They cannot be grown in vitro; however can be maintained in animals. doi: 10.1146/annurev-food-030117-012450, Langella, P., Guarner, F., and Martín, R. (2019). At present, a very interesting research topic on “Microbiology of Ethnic Fermented Foods and Alcoholic Beverages of the World” has been proposed (Tamang et al., 2017). Food microbiology deals with these problems and tries to effectively solve them. 6th Edition. In these studies, Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) studies revealed new dimensions of microbial ecology. Microbial physiology is an important research field on microbial species and in all applied aspects of microbiology, such as food microbiology, industrial microbiology, environmental microbiology, and medical microbiology. These studies are in progress and will increase further in the near future, offering a promising alternative to chemical preservatives to ensure the quality and safety of ready-to-eat, extended-shelf-life, fresh-tasting, and minimally processed foods. 8:1377. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01377, Keywords: foods analysis, food–borne pathogens, food safety and quality, bioactive compounds, probiotics, Citation: Suzzi G and Corsetti A (2020) Food Microbiology: The Past and the New Challenges for the Next 10 Years. Editorial: microbiology of ethnic fermented foods and alcoholic beverages of the world. A wide range of food bacteria, pathogens or not, have been described to possess many adaptive mechanisms and specific stress responses that are useful to guarantee and improve fitness under specific environments. iii. Elie Metchnikoff: He described phagocytosis and termed phagocytes. The international organization for standardization (ISO) food safety management standards helps organizations to identify and control food safety hazards. Food Microbiology: Principles into Practice. Hans Christian Gram: He developed ‘Gram stain’. He had also contributed for designing the vaccines against several diseases such as anthrax, fowl cholera, and rabies. 10. Microbiol. The subjects have ranged from foodborne pathogenic bacteria resurgences to pathogenesis and control strategies, antibiotic resistance, enteric virus, bacterial toxin, stress responses, applications of protective cultures, and bacteriocins for foods preservation, and new methods for the study foodborne pathogens. Karry B Mullis: Discovered polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Working off-campus? 5. for alkaline fermented foods. Microbial physiology is an important research field on microbial species and in all applied aspects of microbiology, such as food microbiology, industrial microbiology, environmental microbiology, and medical microbiology. Those organisms are: He was the first to report the acid-fast nature of tubercle bacillus. He used carbolic acid during surgery. Microbiology is said to have its roots in the great expansion and development of the biological sciences that took place after 1850. The microorganism should be constantly associated with the lesions of the disease. Copyright © 2020 Suzzi and Corsetti. Probiotics research and innovation in functional food production deserves particular attention. At the same time, several studies dealing with health-promoting benefits associated with the consumption of fermented foods and beverages have been proposed. Rev. The full text of this article hosted at is unavailable due to technical difficulties. ii. New biological and non-biological innovation technologies, new compounds and treatment strategies, and advances in DNA sequencing technologies, with the characterization of bacterial genomes, have emerged for the control of foodborne pathogens; this must also be pursued further in the near future (Chen and Alali, 2018). Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd. (Click here to buy this book from AMAZON), Epidemiology- History, Objectives and Types, Culture media used in Microbiology with their uses, General Aseptic Techniques in Microbiology Laboratory, Top 10 Microbiology Universities in Germany (Updated 2020), Top 10 Microbiology Journals with Impact Factor (updated 2019), T.U. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. 7. 1. Apurba Sankar Sastry and Sandhya Bhat K. 2018. Review of Microbiology and Immunology. Joseph Lister: He is considered to be the father of antiseptic surgery. Microbiol. In addition, a cell fraction of the stressed bacterial population can remain metabolically active; they enter a non-culturable physiological state and represent a challenge for traditional food microbiology analytical methods. Barbara McClintock: She described transposons. Fifteen Research Topics (RTs) on these important subjects have been submitted to the Food Microbiology section. Bacterial pathogens associated with foodborne disease worldwide include Salmonella enterica, Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Cronobacter sakazakii, Vibrio cholerae, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus.