Still, he remains a model for many generations of artists. Mirroring his aesthetic devotion to technique and formal experimentation, teaching art was an important part of Morandi's life; he taught drawing in the local elementary schools for years before joining the faculty of his alma mater, the Bologna Academy of Fine Arts as Professor of Etchings in 1930. He had his first solo exhibition after the end of the Second World War, at a private commercial gallery in April 1945 at Il Fiore in Florence. Next: Morandi's Still Life Placement of Objects... On the table on which Morandi would arrange his still-life objects, he had a sheet of paper onto which he would mark where individual objects were placed. He started teaching drawing in 1914; in 1930 he took a job teaching etching at the academy. A more recent 2004 publication by Morandi's assistant Janet Abramowicz, claimed that he was friendly with the early Fascist regime, and was the beneficiary of employment, exhibitions, sales, and overall wider acclaim because of his connections to the government during these years. It was a dense, gray, velvety dust, like a soft coat of felt, its color and texture seemingly providing the unifying element for these tall boxes and deep bowls, old pitchers and coffee pots, quaint vases and tin boxes. Bien qu’il soit né et élevé dans un noyau familial petit-bourgeois, son père est tout de même en mesure de faire avancer son talentueux fils. In 2020, a solo presentation of the artist’s work. Later his family moved to Avesella where two additional sisters were born in 1900 and 1906. His paintings from this time are classified as metaphysical, but as with his Cubist paintings, it was only a stage in his development as an artist. Old Masters often tested colors at the edge of the canvas in areas which would ultimately be covered by the frame. John Rewald quoted in Tillim, "Morandi: a critical note" page 46, quoted in Wilkin, page 43Sources: Books on the Artist Giorgio Morandi. The famous Italian writer Umberto Eco gave a 1993 speech inaugurating the Morandi Museum in Bologna including this excerpt: "How can you tell such different stories by depicting not a nativity or a storm at sea, a sunset on a lake or the birth of spring, but an array of objects from a junk shop? He would remain with the Academy for decades, even as he gained international renown, preferring the peace and stability of a regular position, away from the major artistic centers of Europe. Giorgio Morandi (né le 20 juillet 1890 à Bologne et mort le 18 juin 1964 dans cette même ville) est un peintre et graveur italien contemporain. The photos used to illustrate this biography were provided by Imago Orbis, which is producing a documentary called Giorgio Morandi's Dust, directed by Mario Chemello, in collaboration with Museo Morandi and Emilia-Romagna Film Commission. For many years Morandi preserved a quiet, daily routine. , was featured at the Castello di Rivoli Museo d’Arte Contemporanea, Turin, Italy. Today the museum includes a reconstruction of his studio. Despite his humble and secluded lifestyle, Morandi was quickly recognized as a notable and influential modern artist. Like many other artists, Morandi was drafted into the army during the First World War, in 1915, but was medically discharged as unfit for service a month and a half later. Giorgio Morandi was born in Bologna to Andrea Morandi and Maria Maccaferri. Marion Boddy-Evans is an artist living on the Isle of Skye, Scotland. Morandi's reputation is as an artist who led a quiet life, doing what he loved best -- painting. Morandi showed in the Novecento Italiano exhibitions of 1926 and 1929, but was more specifically associated with the regional Strapaese group by the end of the decade, a fascist-influenced group emphasizing local cultural traditions. He was also heralded for his work in contrast to the modern "isms" at Documenta 2 in Kassel in 1959. It was during this study that he was first exposed to Futurism and Cubism, which influenced his earliest work. Cowling, Elizabeth and Mundy, Jennifer (1990), Pasquali, Marilena (2008), "Giorgio Morandi, saggi e ricerche 1990-2007", Firenze: Noèdizioni, This page was last edited on 21 November 2020, at 19:58. In the 1920s his financial situation was a bit precarious, but in 1930 he got a steady teaching job at the art academy he'd attended. ©2020 The Art Story Foundation. [7] He also executed 133 etchings, a significant body of work in its own right, and his drawings and watercolors often approach abstraction in their economy of means. He graduated in 1913, but extended his education with travel throughout Italy, including a trip to the Venice Biennale. Giorgio Morandi (1890-1964) was born in 1890 in Bologna, Italy, where he lived until his death in 1964. Morandi owned a wide-ranging art library, from Old Masters to modern painters. By sharing your details you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms and Conditions. De 1908 à 1913, Morandi étudie à la Accademia di Belle Arti de Bologne. In 1907, after having spent nearly a year working in his father's export office, the teenaged Morandi enrolled at the Accademia di Belle Arti in … His pursuit of art as a career is owed in part to his failure at his father's company, his resistance to changing his focus on art despite his father's best efforts, and because of his mother's belief that her son should follow his dreams. His still-life compositions moved away from the traditional objective of showing a set of beautiful or intriguing objects into pared-down compositions where objects were grouped or bunched, shapes and shadows merging into one another (see example). His work has been the subject of major retrospectives and traveling solo exhibitions at institutions including the Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, The Hague, which traveled to the New Burlington Galleries, London (1954); Kunsthalle Bern, Switzerland (1964); Royal Academy of the Arts, London, which traveled to the Musée National d’art Moderne, Paris, and the Rotonda della Besana, Milan (1970); Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, which traveled to the Kharkiv Art Museum, Kharkiv, Ukraine (1973); San Francisco Museum of Art, which traveled to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, and the Des Moines Art Center, Iowa (1981); Museum of Modern Art, Kamakura, which traveled to the Fukuyama Museum of Art, and the National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto, all in Japan (1989); Musée Maillol, Paris, which traveled to Museu de Arte de São Paulo, Brazil (1997); Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, which traveled to IVAM - Institut Valencià d'Art Modern, Valencia (1999); Tate Modern, London, which traveled to the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris (2001-02); The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, which traveled to the Museo d’Arte Moderna di Bologna, Italy (2008); Museo d’Arte Città di Lugano, Switzerland (2012); and the BOZAR - Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels (2013). He would live in this building with them for the rest of his life, moving to a different apartment in 1933 and in 1935 getting the studio that has been preserved and is now part of the Morandi Museum. [citation needed] On the tomb is a portrait of him by Giacomo Manzù. Morandi's early career was interrupted when he was drafted into the Italian army during World War I. Yet when you compare several of his paintings, you realise the variation he did use, the subtle shifts of hue and tone. The 1948 Venice Biennale awarded him first prize for painting. Opera..., 1957, Natura morta con due oggetti e un drappo su..., 1929, Natura morta con la tazzina bianca a sinistra, 1930. artnet et nos partenaires utilisent des cookies pour vous fournir des fonctionnalités et des applications sur nos sites afin d’optimiser votre expérience de navigation en ligne. Cézanne and Beyond Exhibition Catalog, edited by JJ Rishel and K Sachs, page 357.5. In 1910 he went to Florence, where he particularly admired paintings and murals by Giotto and Masaccio. Some of the most famous photographers of the 20th century took photographs of Morandi, at his house on via Fondazza, at Grizzana Morandi's house, and at the Venice Biennale. Most of his painting took place in his studio, a small room in an apartment shared with his three sisters and his mother (he lived his whole life with his 3 unwed sisters). [13], On July 20, 2015, Google celebrated his 125th birthday with a Google Doodle. Although his father's unexpected death in 1908 left him to care for his mother and three younger sisters, Morandi continued with his studies with the support of his mother. |  Information légale | Politique de confidentialitéInscrivez-vous à la newsletter, Theme by Danetsoft and Danang Probo Sayekti inspired by Maksimer. References:1. Giorgio Morandi (July 20, 1890 – June 18, 1964) was an Italian painter and printmaker who specialized in still life. The variety in his work comes through his observation of his subject matter, not through his choice of subject matter. Et quand Morandi meurt en 1964, il est reconnu comme peintre à travers le monde. Merci d’indiquer une adresse e-mail valide, Art européen et britannique du XIXe siècle. In his final months, he joked in a letter "Can you imagine that for three days I haven't had a cigarette". Ils sont utilisés pour analyser le site, mesurer le trafic, adapter la publicité et le contenu éditorial.