Different types of computers – clockwise from top left: Desktop computer (IBM ThinkCentre S50 with monitor), Smartphone (LYF Water 2), Supercomputer (IBM Blue Gene/P), Video game console (Nintendo GameCube) Computers can be classified, or typed, in many ways. The computer system has the processor, memory, I/O devices and communication channels that connect to it. The memory we have a single read/write memory available for read and write instructions and data. They are kept in climate controlled rooms and have multiple operating systems. The Micro-computers are specially designed for general usage like entertainment, education and work purposes. The most important … … 5 Types of Personal Computers. There is a bus (address bus/data bus/control bus) used for the instruction and data code execution. The name defines itself, the design will satisfy user requirements such as architecture, module, interfaces and data for a system and it is connected to product development. PC# # Apple#iPad#Air# A single# person# defines# the# personal# computer, or# PC, as any computer#designed#for#general#use#by#one#person.WhileaMacisaP C,# most#people#relate#the#termwith#computers#that#run#the#Windows# operating#system.#PCs#were#first#known#as#microcomputers#because# they#were#a#complete#computer… It reads the instruction and decodes it, will find parallel data to process the instruction and then will process the instruction and output will be generated. 8 Different types of monitors used for PC / Computer. Digital Computer 3. Valuation, Hadoop, Excel, Mobile Apps, Web Development & many more. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. These computers are used by large organizations for critical applications and huge data processing. THE CERTIFICATION NAMES ARE THE TRADEMARKS OF THEIR RESPECTIVE OWNERS. We can observe in the below image, there are separate data and instruction memory that is a bus available to perform operations. It can perform Input/output operation simultaneously and it has a separate arithmetic and logic unit. When we talk about memory, it is nothing but the single location which is used for reading and writing instructions for the data and instructions are also present in it. There are Three types of computers 1. Depending upon the internal structure and subsequent features and applicability, computer system is … Types of Computer Architecture. They are classified according to their size, power, and performance. Mini Computer – They are smaller version of the mainframes. © 2020 - EDUCBA. Modular systems are made by standardizing hardware and software. Computer architecture consists of rules and methods or procedures which describe the implementation, functionality of the computer systems. This helps the compiler to easily write the instructions, performed is increased. It is contained entirely within the Central processing unit. How functionality, implementation works in processing. The term PC has different meanings in popular culture. Mainframe Computers. This is a guide to Types of Computer Architecture. Most systems catch viruses due to program bugs, the vulnerability of operating systems, and poor security … All the computers that are developed are not alike rather they have different designs and features. Some common classifications of computers are given below. Each type of computer is made for a unique use, and they have varying capabilities. Execution always occurs in a sequential manner unless the change is required. It has digital signal processors that will execute small or highly audio or video algorithms and it is reproducible. Von-Neumann Architecture. Microarchitecture performs in a certain way. Once the operation is done it is sent to the output device. This architecture is proposed by john von-neumann. The best known supercomputers are built by Cray Supercomputers. Minicomputer is introduced in mid-1960.This types of computers is small size compare to supercomputer and mainframe computer. Types of Computer. By closing this banner, scrolling this page, clicking a link or continuing to browse otherwise, you agree to our Privacy Policy, 600+ Online Courses | 3000+ Hours | Verifiable Certificates | Lifetime Access, Windows 10 Training (4 Courses, 4+ Projects), JWS Java Web Services Training (4 Courses, 11 Projects), Java Training (40 Courses, 29 Projects, 4 Quizzes), Computer Network Advantages and Disadvantages, Software Development Course - All in One Bundle. A single set of clock cycles is required. Data can be accessed by one memory location and instruction can be accessed by a different location. Portable computers include notebook and subnotebook computers, hand-held computers, palmtops, and PDAs. To make up the architecture, instruction set architecture is needed because it has a set of instructions that the processor understands. The different categories of computers include laptops, smartphones, tablets, netbooks, mainframes, personal computers and supercomputers. The pipeline is possible. CPU can read and write instructions and process data access. The micro-computers are widely used & the fastest growing computers. January 3, 2019 8 min read. Control and logic units for processing operations are within the central processing unit. This type of computer usually costs hundreds of thousands or even millions of dollars. Reduced instruction set computer architecture was realized in the 90’s by IBM. These are the different computer types; supercomputers, mainframe, mini and microcomputers. It is the process of taking marketing information and creating product design to be manufacture. For example, suppose we are executing an instruction from line 1 to line 10 but now we required to execute line 50 instead of line 11 then we jump to instruction 50 and execute it. Each memory has multiple locations and each location has a unique address. Execution units like arithmetic logic units, floating-point units, load units, etc are needed and it performs the operation of the processor. Most of the computers you and your friends and family have are probably personal computers. Instruction set architecture is needed to do the needful instruction execution and data processing should be done in a different and single memory location in different types of computer architectures. Harvard architecture is used when data and code is present in different memory blocks. Some architectures overlap multiple instructions while executing but this does not happen in microarchitecture.