© 2020 Texas Tech University, College of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, Horticulture Gardens and Greenhouse Complex, perennials, beds & borders, container plantings, cutflowers, lobed, dark- to gray-green leaves wih pubescence on upper surface and gray underside, many different ray and disc flower forms and petal shapes in white, yellow, orange, The plant is 30–90 centimetres (12–35 in) high and wide, which grows as a perennial herbaceous or slightly woody plant on the ground. The florist's chrysanthemum is not necessarily a glasshouse subject. The plant's texture is thick and leathery. "In prolonged use, it lifts the inhibition of blood and qi, alleviates the body, slows down ageing, and prolongs life" says the classic. Edible Parts: Flowers LeavesEdible Uses: TeaThe flower heads or petals[46, 116, 179] are parboiled and served as a salad with tofu and seasoned with vinegar or soya sauce. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Antibacterial Antifungal Carminative Depurative Diaphoretic Febrifuge Ophthalmic Refrigerant SedativeChrysanthemum flowers, known in China as Ju Hua, are a bitter aromatic herb that has been used for thousands of years in Chinese medicine[238, 254]. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. From Jin and Tang dynasties (around the 5th century AD), chrysanthemum began to be appreciated as an ornamental plant, while continuing to be used for dietary reasons. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Chrysanthemum, Cut Mum, Garden Mum, Pot Mum, Florist's Chrysanthemum. Dendranthema x grandiflorum - (Ramat.)Kitam. In Europe, especially in Holland, they have been known since the mid-17th century, but their general dissemination took place only in the 19th century. In 1630, a survey of over 500 cultivars 17 and about 2000 at the beginning of 20th century. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Ramat. There are varieties with simple flowers that look like daisies and varieties with double flowers, looking like pompoms more or less big. Wu Zheng-yi, Peter H. Raven, Deyuan Hong (ed. C. sinense. It lists a total of 35 cultivated varieties that could be observed in the gardens near the Buddhist shrines of Longmen Grottoes. They exhale a strong smell when they are wrinkled. They can also be prepared as tempura, pickled, dried or added to soups. In 1630, more than 500 varieties were already mentioned there. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Contact with parts of plants may in some cases cause skin irritation and allergies. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. The first botanical description of the florists' chrysanthemum goes to Thomas d'Audibert de Ramatuelle. Joined thousands of cultivars developed independently in China and Japan, there is currently a huge complex cultivars (estimated from 20,000 to 30,000). Plant them out in the spring. It is mainly by looking at the leaves that one can know that it is a chrysanthemum. [by whom?] Volume 20–21: Asteraceae , Science Press and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing and St. Louis, 2011. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. To note, during the millennia and a half of cultivation, tens of thousands of different cultivars have been obtained, with flower heads of very different shapes, sizes and colors. Chrysanthemum × morifolium (also known as florist's daisy and hardy garden mum, or in China juhua) is a species of perennial plant from family Asteraceae. We are currently updating this section. They are up to 12 cm long, fleshy and covered with gray hairs. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Chrysanthemum Morifolium. Chrysanthemum Flower (Chrysanthemum morifolium) is consumed as a tea to nourish the Yin and as an herb to remove wind and occasional heat (irritation) from several parts of the body in normal, healthy individuals.  In general, the plant is best fertilized once a month and watered two to three times a week depending on climate. Chrysanthemum x morifolium Perennials Hardy chrysanthemum is a Fall-flowering perennial, providing attractive mounded foliage, showy blooms, and cut-flowers just as many other landscape plants are beginning to lose their seasonal luster. List of various diseases cured by Chrysanthemum Morifolium. Chrysanthemum × morifolium (also known as florist's daisy ... Binomial name; Chrysanthemum × morifolium ... "The common chrysanthemums of the florists (C. hortorum) are often called 'large-flowering' and 'autumn chrysanthemums,' to distinguish them from the hardy outdoor species. In natural medicine the "flower" is used against eye inflammation and impure skin. Division in spring. An aromatic tea is made from the leaves. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. In terms of stems produced per year in 1997, Japan was by far the largest producer with 2 billion stalks, followed by the Netherlands (800 million), Colombia (600 million), Italy (500 million). The flowers are harvested when fully open in the autumn and are dried for later use. This merchant and botanist describes the Matricaria japonica maxima, as a very elegant flowering plant, double, pink or light red 20 and existing in several varieties. The lower leaves are plumed, further up the stems they are increasingly entire. The external bracts are herbaceous, with a narrow scariety margin.. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). In China they are steamed before being dried to make them less bitter. , Wang YJ, Guo QS, Yang XW, Xu WB, Tao HY. The leaf juice is smeared onto wounds. Form: Rounded. In complex total inflorescences are some to many cup-shaped partial inflorescences together. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. since the plant is so widely known under this name. (Chinese). Special Features:Attractive foliage, Fragrant foliage, Attracts butterflies, Suitable for cut flowers, Suitable for dried flowers, Fragrant flowers, Attractive flowers or blooms, Seldomly reblooms. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions.