There, Theseus played the bullish father in his relations with his son Hippolytus. In either case, when Aegeus left for Athens he told Aethra he had deposited his sword and sandals under a great rock and that when his son was sixteen years old she was to take him to the rock. But when Theseus arrived in Crete he immediately encountered the negative father, King Minos. 3. In place of a progressive developmental movement that would amount to an enlargement of consciousness, the more conscious humans were sacrificed to the less conscious Minotaur: a regressive movement, This again brings up the symbolism of the bull. A patient once provided a vivid example of this theme. She contrived that his stepmother, Phaedra, should fall in love with him, and when he rejected her advances, Phaedra told Theseus that he had molested her. One version is that Theseus tired of Ariadne; after all, she wasn't of any use to him anymore; he had achieved his purpose, and so he sailed off and left her. 2. With the death of the father the individual becomes directly related to the masculine principle himself, Theseus appears again in a different role in the myth of Hippolytus, already touched on in the discussion of Aphrodite. To confront one's fury will be safer, given the threada sense of human rapport and relatednessso that one will not get lost in the rage and fall into identification with it, Theseus left Crete with Ariadne, but he broke his promise to marry her. After long hours of feasting and drinking, Ariadne fell asleep on the shore and didn’t enter the boat that sailed to Athens. Ariadne provided Theseus with a ball of thread and a sword for his quest. Suddenly I saw an opening, the way through. The Cretan princess Ariadne has been abandoned on the Greek island of Naxos by Theseus, whose ship sails away in the distance. 894646. Theseus took Princess Ariadne with him and left Crete sailing happily back to Athens. Periphetes was clubbed himself, and then Theseus made the club his own, so a bit of masculine power was won and was made available to the ego, The next thug he met was a man named Sinis, the “pine bender.” He would bend a pine tree to the ground, and then ask a passing traveler to hold it with him. Another way of looking at the myth is to see the Minotaur as a kind of guardian of the center. In this initial exhibition of his monstrous nature a certain correspondence between Minos and Minotaur is indicated and the very names suggest the similarity, making it clear that Theseus was confronting the masculine monster, the negative aspect of the father image, something that sons not uncommonly have to overcome in dealing with certain kinds of fathers, It is interesting that although Aegeus was the good father, his consort, Medea, was destructive, a negative manifestation of the feminine associated with the positive father. On the way back to Athens they stopped at the island of Naxos, and there are different versions of what happened there (indicating multiple symbolic meanings). Therefore, it must be sacrificed, and the sacrifice brings about a transformation, so that the energy symbolized by the bull serves another level of meaning. The archaic Greek image applies to an earlier stage of ego development. That would refer to the danger of succumbing to false humility, to a servile attitude, as the washing of the feet suggests. Registered office: 1 London Bridge Street, SE1 9GF. Aegeus, the good father, helped his son to find him and then welcomed him. As soon as the traveler would seize the tree, Sinis would release his grip and the traveler would be flung to his death. The status quo wants to continue, and any newly emerging force has to fight it out if it is not to be overcome, Theseus, however, was recognized in time by his father and was welcomed with open arms. But he forgot about the agreement, and when his father spied the ship returning with its black sails, in his despair over what he took to be his son's failure, he threw himself off the cliff into the sea (which then took his name: the Aegean). Theseus got the better of him by making use of the strategic principles of wrestling, which he invented. According to the myth, Minos' son died during some games that were organised in Athens. What he had consciously rejected came back in a negative form. When Theseus leaves Ariadne, she becomes fueled with anger and loneliness, which causes her to easily fall in love with Dionysus, mending the broken heart she had because of Theseus. Theseus drew the attention of the Minotaur and got straight to running. She told Aegeus that the young man was a spy and Aegeus was about to become an accomplice to his murder when at the critical moment he caught sight of the sword he had left for his son years before, and dashed the poison cup from Theseus' hands. The fact that the sphere has an autonomous power to roll to the center suggests that it is also the path to individuation rolled up into a ball, Theseus did as he was instructed by Ariadne and was able to overcome the Minotaur and find his way out of the labyrinth by means of the thread, the principle of relatedness. The ongoing excavation work at Pompeii has brought another amazing discovery. To understand what this motif could mean, one might imagine oneself in an agitated, enraged state, the Minotaur bellowing within. Ariadne Helps Theseus Ariadne would approach Theseus and promised to help the Greek hero to overcome the Minotaur in its labyrinth on the condition that Theseus would marry her, … Mystiokinesis (possibly): Since her mother is a powerful sorceress, Ariadne might be able to use magic, which she could have used to make a magic ball of stringand curse Theseus' return to Athens. The ancient Roman author Hyginus identified Ariadne as the Roman Libera/Proserpina at approximately the same time as Libera was officially identified with Proserpina in 205 BC, these two names becoming synonymous for the same goddess. I was passing my freedom on to them, Here the imagery is lifted wholesale out of the Theseus-Minotaur story, demonstrating that it is still operative symbolismwe are not just dealing with ancient history, Copyright © 2020 ARAS All Rights Reserved. Aegeus and the Sails. It was as if I had performed a yearly ritual and now others would be free. By her mother, she was the granddaughter of the sun god Helios. No sooner had the ship from Athens arrived than Minos espied one of the Greek maidens who appealed to him and was about to rape her on the spot.