Axiology: the study of value; the investigation of its nature, criteria, and metaphysical status. Classic works include Plato's Republic, Locke's Thoughts Concerning Education, and Rousseau's Emile. Any division, popular or not, broad or meta, will have pros and cons. This means that the conclusion bares no new knowledge that it (conclusion) is missing in the premises. Ethics seeks to understand the basis of morals, how they develop and how they are and should be followed. Ethics: It is concerned with questions on morality and values and how they apply to various situations. The theory of knowledge, from the Greek words episteme (knowledge) and logos (word/speech/study), is the branch of philosophy that deals with the nature, origin, scope and (possibility/study) of knowledge.Dealing with nature, is one of the branches of philosophy. With this in mind, more than giving each type of philosophy a name, we can understand that all philosophizing (all philosophical arguments, questions, and musings) about each art, science, mechanic of society, existence, etc can be categorized using logical, epistemological, and/or ontological systems and then refereed to as “a branch of philosophy.”, Thus, the term “branch” here simply means “a category in which we have placed philosophies that share properties.”. What about the philosophy of technology and the philosophy of science? Sometimes confused with theology, the Philosophy of Religion is the philosophical study of religious beliefs, religious doctrines, religious arguments and religious history. Hegel argued that it was, as did Marx. Please feel free to edit this chart further, to ameliorate the paths. In Western philosophy, this field has become the study of the fundamental nature of all reality - what is it, why is it, and how are we to understand it. TIP: Sometimes aesthetics is combined with ethics, politics, and other “related” aspects as Axiology. It tries to find out the root causes of social pathology and suggests the remedies for it. b. Dualism Austin Cline, a former regional director for the Council for Secular Humanism, writes and lectures extensively about atheism and agnosticism. Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy which deals with the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty. What hierarchies exist in different branches of Philosophy? Truly, its very interesting course to take I like philosophy. See a theory of human knowledge for an epistemological and ontological theory. Skip ahead to the scientific revolution with Descartes in the 1600’s who sums everything up at that point. Can I run my 40 Amp Range Stove partially on a 30 Amp generator. Completeness, which means that if a theorem is true, it can be proven. Our site is not officially associated with any brand or government entity. TIP: Rarely does a line of questioning only relate to one area of philosophy. @Brian - I do see their existence and as of now they are part of the main Philosophy but I wanted to keep this answer more traditional. Epistemology is the study of human knowledge. a. Rationalism Philosophy in its most broad definition simply study of anything, natural or moral, real (being) or not (non-being). It is the thoughtful consideration of human society. Anyway, on to definitions (which should help clear up some lingering questions). Political, Economic, Legal, and “Social Philosophy” – The study of how to organize a society. Aesthetics or value theory has to do with beauty, balance, and harmony. Aesthetics can also be called Esthetics. These two fields are often studied separately, but they are presented here jointly because they both come back to the same thing: the study of force. This is can be referred to as the Critical, Analytical, or Formal Philosophy of History, as well as the Philosophy of Historiography. This reasoning is mostly utilized in the scientific researches. How to start Philosophy and find the branches that are related to my questions? Title of book about humanity seeing their lives X years in the future due to astronomical event. +1 - That covers it quite well. What is evil? Understanding the nature of thought processes is central to this area of philosophy. (For instance, as a first-order approximation, mathematics can be sub-divided into three main categories at the first level: Analysis, Algebra, and Geometry.). This is an often neglected field of philosophy and is often addressed only be in educational programs designed to train teachers -- in that context, it is a part of pedagogy, which is learning how to teach.